Class Calendar

Biology 12 - DNA test learning outcomes

Review videos:

DNA Structure & Replication

Protein Synthesis

Learning Outcomes that will be tested...

B4 - Analyse the structure and function of nucleic acids in biological systems
  • List the major functions of RNA and DNA
  • name the four nitrogenous bases in RNA and describe the structure of RNA
  • name the four nitrogenous bases in DNA and describe the structure of DNA
  • Compare DNA and RNA
B5 - Describe DNA replication

  • describe the three steps in the semi-conservative replication of DNA: unzipping, complementary base pairing, joining of adjacent nucleotides
  • describe the purpose of DNA replication
  • Identify the site of DNA replication
B6 - Describe recombinant DNA and describe a minimum of three uses for recombinant DNA

B7 - Demonstrate an understanding of the process of protein synthesis
  • Identify the roles of DNA, mRNA, tRNA and ribosomes in transcription and translation
  • determine the sequence of amino acids coded for by a DNA sequence given a mRNA table
  • identify the complimentary nature of the mRNA and the tRNA anti-codon
B8 - explain how mutations in DNA affect protein synthesis
  • give examples of environmental mutagens
  • use examples to explain how mutations in DNA change the sequence of amino acids in a polypeptide chain and as a result may lead to genetic disorders